(a)   Emergency Action -- All exigent activities conducted in order to prevent or mitigate harm to the public health and safety and the environment from a release or threatened release of any material into or upon land, water, or air.

(b)   Person -- Any individual, corporation, association, partnership, firm, trustee, legal representative or any combination thereof.

(c)   Recoverable Expenses - Those expenses of the city that are reasonable, necessary and allocable to an emergency action. Recoverable expenses hall not include normal budgeted expenditures that are incurred in the course of providing what are traditionally city services and responsibilities, such as routine firefighting protection. Expenses allowable for recovery may include, but are not limited to:

(1)   Disposable materials and supplies consumed and expensed specifically or the purpose of the emergency action.

(2)   Compensation of employees for the time and efforts devoted specifically to the emergency action.

(3)   Rental or leasing of equipment used specifically for the emergency action (e.g., protective equipment or clothing, scientific and technical equipment).

(4)   Replacement costs of equipment owned by the city that is contaminated beyond use or repair, if the equipment was a total loss and the loss occurred during the emergency action (e.g., self-contained breathing apparatus irretrievably contaminated during the response).

(5)   Decontamination of equipment contaminated during the response.

(6)   Special technical services specifically required for the response (e.g., costs associated with the time and efforts of technical experts or specialists not otherwise provided for by the city).

(7)   Other special services specifically required for the emergency action.

(8)   Laboratory costs of analyzing samples taken during the emergency action.

(9)   Any costs of cleanup, storage, or disposal of the released material.

(10) Costs associated with the services, supplies and equipment procured for a specific evacuation of persons or property.

(11) Medial expenses incurred as a result of response activities.

(12) Legal expenses that may be incurred as a result of the emergency action, including efforts to recover expenses pursuant to this article.

(d)   Release -- Release shall mean any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping or disposing into or upon land, water or air, of any material.

(e)   Threatened Release -- Threatened release shall mean any imminent or impending event potentially causing but not resulting in a release, but causing the city to undertake an emergency action.

(Ord. 478, Sec. 1)

Any person causing or responsible for a release or threatened release resulting in an emergency action shall be strictly liable to the city for the recoverable expenses resulting from the emergency action. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that any person owning or controlling property causing a release or threatened release is responsible for such release or threatened release.

(Ord. 478, Sec. 2)

(a)   Itemization of Recoverable Expenses. City personnel and departments involved in an emergency action shall keep an itemized record of recoverable expenses resulting from an emergency action. Promptly after completion of an emergency action, the appropriate city department shall certify those expenses to the city clerk.

(b)   Submission of Claim. The city shall submit a written itemized claim for the total expenses incurred by the city for the emergency action to the responsible person and a written notice that unless the amounts are paid in full to the city within 30 days after the date of the mailing of the claim and notice, the city will file a civil action seeking recovery for the state amount.

(c)   Lien on Property. The city may cause a lien in the amount of the recoverable expenses to be placed on any real property located within the city owned by the person causing or responsible for the emergency action.

(d)   Civil Suit. The city may bring a civil action for recovery of the recoverable expense against any and all persons causing or responsible for the emergency action.

(Ord. 478, Sec. 3)

Nothing in this article shall be construed to conflict with state or federal laws requiring persons causing or responsible for releases or threatened releases from engaging in remediation activities and/or paying the costs thereof.

(Ord. 478, Sec. 4)